Web design and site navigation structure
Web design and site navigation structure when creating sites, their so — called navigation structure is of great importance-in other words, the scheme according to which visitors navigate between different pages of sites. The navigation structure is closely related to the usability of the site, as well as its optimization for promotion in search engines.
The site’s navigation structure performs important tasks: it logically combines various information blocks, displays the current location of the visitor on the site, and provides controls for navigating through the site’s pages. As a rule, there are main and additional navigation in the site structure.
The main navigation on the site is presented in the form of horizontal or vertical menus, including links to sections of the site, as well as individual pages. The main navigation is available from any page of the site, and its appearance does not change when navigating between pages.
Additional navigation provides additional usability on the site. Such navigation may include so-called “breadcrumbs”, blocks of thematically “linked” materials to the current page. Additional navigation can also include internal contextual links placed on site pages.
The navigation structure of the site requires careful consideration from the very first stages of development, because when trying to make changes to the ready-made structure of the site, confusion and the appearance of “broken” links is almost inevitable. Here are some basic rules for developing a site’s navigation structure.
First, a link to the main (home) page must be available from any page of the site. Most often, this link is called “Home” or “Home”, and it is almost standard in web design to create an active link to the main page on the site logo (link-picture).
Secondly, all links on the site should have an intuitive view for visitors. So, links in the content of site pages are traditionally highlighted with an underscore and a different color from the rest of the text, menu links have a similar appearance or are buttons. If the link cannot be visually distinguished from other elements of the site page, or if the links have an unusual appearance for most visitors, this makes navigating the site extremely inconvenient.
Third, the site navigation structure should be such that visitors can see at any time which page they are on, how to get to other pages from this page, and how to return to the previous page. At the same time, if you need 4 or even 5-6 mouse clicks to navigate from the current page of the site to some other page, this indicates a low level of usability of the developed navigation structure.
Web design is constantly evolving, and every day there are more and more new developments in this area. But this does not mean that you can forget about the site’s navigation structure. Without proper navigation, the site will not work effectively, and you should also order sites in professional web studios, where sufficient attention is paid to creating high-quality navigation on sites.